There have been claims and appeals rules for disability plans subject to ERISA for many years. These new regulations are an attempt to increase transparency of the review process; prevent conflicts of interest with respect to claims reviews and denials; and align the disability claims process with the process that already applies to claims for group health benefits.
The effective date of the regulations was originally January 1, 2017, but the applicability date was delayed until January 1, 2018. In November of 2017, in response to President Trump’s Executive Order 13777, the DOL delayed the applicability date until April 1, 2018. In early January of 2018, the DOL issued a statement indicating that the comments provided by stakeholders “did not establish that the regulations impose unnecessary burdens or significantly impair workers’ access to disability benefits.” The statement confirmed that the applicability date would remain April 1, 2018, and that the agency would not further delay nor change the regulations.
The regulations apply only to disability plans subject to ERISA. Most long-term disability (LTD) plans are subject to ERISA (assuming the employer who sponsors the plan is subject to ERISA). Many employers also offer short-term disability programs. Many STD plans satisfy the conditions of the DOL payroll practice exemption (DOL Reg. §2510.3-1(b)(2)). These STD programs would not be an ERISA disability plan and are not subject to the claims and appeals regulations. Note that if an STD plan is insured, it is subject to ERISA and these new regulations.